он-лайн мониторинг стихийных бедствий и техногенных катастро

он-лайн мониторинг стихийных бедствий и техногенных катастро

Сообщение estimata » 27 дек 2012, 20:43

Карта кликабельна

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">Обозначения, используемые на карте катастроф RSOE EDIS (частично на русском)
ЗначокКод EDISТип события
КатегорияОписание
BiologyBHПтичий Грипп - Животная ИнфекцияБиологическаяБолезни человека или животного. В случае инфицирования человека классификации "Чума опасности", в случае животных инфекция классификации "Биологические события".
BiologyBHПтичий Грипп - Человеческая ИнфекцияБиологическая Болезни человека или животного. В случае инфицирования человека классификации "Чума опасности", в случае животных инфекция классификации "Биологические события".
BilologyBHБиологическая ОпасностьБилологическаяКаждое биологический событие, которое может вызвать массу болезний. Нападения животных и ущерб, причиненный животным, также находится в этой категории. Категория содержит каждые биологические события которые связаны с биоразнообразием.
BiologyCBБиологическая Опасность - Коралловое ОтбеливаниеБиологическаяReefs in 32 countries experienced dramatic bleaching in 1997-98. Bleaching results from the loss of microscopic algae that both color and nourish living corals. Water that is warmer than normal by only 2 to 3 F (1.1-1.6 C) has been linked to bleaching. Other factors that contribute to coral reef bleaching include nutrient and sediment runoff, pollution, coastal development, dynamiting of reefs, and natural storm damage.
BiologyBHБиологическая Опасность - НасекомыеБиологическаяAttack by bee.
BilologyBTБиотеррорБилологическаяEvery activity, which commited by biological substance against civil or not civil persons. The display is irrespectively of the number of injured persons.
TechnologyCRCBRNТехногеннаяCBRN - это аббревиатура от Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (Химическая, Биологическая, Радиационная и Ядерная опасность). Распространена по всему миру, используется когда идет речь об оружии массового поражения или где все четыре составляющие проявили себя. CBRN Defense (CBRND) - аналог РХБЗ (Радио, Химической и Биологической Защиты), пассивная защита от указанных факторов поражения, а также организация массовой эвакуации из зон загрязнения. CBRNE - аббревиатура от Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and high-yield Explosives (оружие массового поражения). Инцидент CBRN в корне отличается от инцидента HAZMAT (CBRNE имеет более массовые последствия). Использование оружия массового поражения запрещено, а его применение расценивается как античеловечные действия, влекущие за собой болезни и гибель народов. Сохранение доказательств и выявление преступника более важны с инцидентами CBRN, чем с инцидентами HAZMAT.
TechnologyCAХимический ИнцидентТехногеннаяChemical accident or incident which caused significant property and/or personal injury
MeteorologyCCПеремена климатаМетеорологическаяEvery event, which caused by climate change irrespectively of property damage.
MeteorologyCWСильный ХолодМетеорологическаяTemperature at or under -15 C° / 5 F which lasts more than 3 days.(Measured at zero altitude and 2m height.)
ComplexCEКомплексная ТревогаКомплекснаяThe official definition of a complex emergency is "a humanitarian crisis in a country, region or society where there is total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which requires an international response that goes beyond the mandate or capacity of any single agency and/ or the ongoing United Nations country program."
MeteorologyCOКосмическое Проишествие / СтолкновениеМетеорологическаяAn impact event is the collision of a large meteorite, asteroid, comet, or other celestial object with the Earth or another planet. Throughout recorded history, hundreds of minor impact events (and exploding bolides) have been reported, with some occurrences causing deaths, injuries, property damage or other significant localised consequences. This event included the serious incident in the outer space.
MeteorologyDRЗасухаМетеорологическаяA drought (or drouth [archaic]) is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. Generally, this occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation. It can have a substantial impact on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region. Although droughts can persist for several years, even a short, intense drought can cause significant damage and harm the local economy. This global phenomenon has a widespread impact on agriculture. The United Nations estimates that an area of fertile soil the size of Ukraine is lost every year because of drought, deforestation, and climate instability. Lengthy periods of drought have long been a key trigger for mass migration and played a key role in a number of ongoing migrations and other humanitarian crises in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel.
GeologyEQЗемлетрясение > M3ГеологическаяEarthquake, which strength is between 3.0 and 3.9 according to the Richter scale.
GeologyEQЗемлетрясение > M4ГеологическаяEarthquake, which strength is between 4.0 and 4.9 according to the Richter scale.
GeologyEQЗемлетрясение > M5ГеологическаяEarthquake, which strength is between 5.0 and 5.9 according to the Richter scale.
GeologyEQЗемлетрясение > M6ГеологическаяEarthquake, which strength is between 6.0 and 6.9 according to the Richter scale.
GeologyEQЗемлетрясение > M7ГеологическаяEarthquake, which strength is above 6.9 according to the Richter scale.
TechnologyEDЗагрязнение Окружающей СредыТехногеннаяThe presence of offensive, but not necessarily infectious, matter in the environment. For example, pollution may be by specific organic or inorganic chemicals, by physical agents such as dust, volcanic fallout, smoke, automobile fumes, radioactive material and animal feces and urine.
BilologyEPЭпидемияБилологическаяIn epidemiology, an epidemic epi- meaning "upon or above" and demic- meaning "people", occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is "expected," based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during a specified period of time is called the "incidence rate"). In recent usages, the disease is not required to be communicable; examples include cancer or heart disease. Another example includes the infamous Black Plague of the Middle Ages.
BilologyEHОпасность ЭпидемииБилологическаяLow number infection but potentionally can cause big plague or mass sickness.
TechnologyEXВзрывТехногеннаяAny technical event amount to explosion.
TechnologyFRПожарТехногеннаяFire events, which extend to big area. Display happens if the property damage is significant and/or somebody dies from a wound, and the number of injured persons is above 3.
EnvironmentalFFВнезапное НаводнениеЭкологическаяThe flash flood is a rapid flooding of geomorphic low-lying areas - washes, rivers, dry lakes and basins. It may be caused by heavy rain associated with a storm, hurricane, or tropical storm or meltwater from ice or snow flowing over icesheets or snowfields. Flash floods can also occur after the collapse of an ice dam, debris dam or a human structure, such as a dam, for example, the Johnstown Flood of 1889. Flash floods are distinguished from a regular flood by a timescale less than six hours. The temporary availability of water is often utilised by plants with rapid germination and short growth cycle, and by specially adapted animal life.
EnvironmentalFLПотопЭкологическаяFormated inland inundation and flood or danger of inland inundation and flood, which expand to big area.
TechnologyWFЛесной ПожарТехногеннаяForrest or scrub fire which has big extent irrespectively of damage and the number of injured persons. It serves to sign occurrent fire storm.
MeteorologyGWГигантская ВолнаМетеорологическаяRogue waves (also known as freak waves, monster waves, killer waves, extreme waves, and abnormal waves) are relatively large and spontaneous ocean surface waves that are a threat even to large ships and ocean liners. In oceanography, they are more precisely defined as waves whose height is more than twice the significant wave height (SWH), which is itself defined as the mean of the largest third of waves in a wave record. Therefore rogue waves are not necessarily the biggest waves found at sea; they are, rather, surprisingly large waves for a given sea state. "Rogue waves are not tsunamis, which are set in motion by earthquakes [and] travel at high speed, building up as they approach the shore. Rogue waves seem to occur in deep water or where a number of physical factors such as strong winds and fast currents converge. This may have a focusing effect, which can cause a number of waves to join together."
MeteorologyHSЛивеньМетеорологическаяA hailstorm is a meteorological event, being a storm in which a large amount of hail falls, which caused significant property and/or personal injury.
BiologyHAВредоносное Цветение ВодыБиологическаяA harmful algal bloom (HAB) is an algal bloom that causes negative impacts to other organisms via production of natural toxins, mechanical damage to other organisms, or by other means. HABs are often associated with large-scale marine mortality events and have been associated with various types of shellfish poisonings.
TechnologyHZHAZMATТехногеннаяA dangerous good is any solid, liquid, or gas that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment. They are often subject to chemical regulations. An equivalent term, used almost exclusively in the United States, is hazardous material (hazmat or HAZMAT). Dangerous goods may be radioactive, flammable, explosive, toxic, corrosive, biohazardous, an oxidizer, an asphyxiant, a pathogen, an allergen, or may have other characteristics that render it hazardous in specific circumstances. Mitigating the risks associated with hazardous materials may require the application of safety precautions during their transport, use, storage and disposal. Most countries regulate hazardous materials by law, and they are subject to several international treaties as well.
MeteorologyHTСильная ЖараМетеорологическаяTemperature at or above 35 C° / 95 F which lasts more than 3 days.(Measured at zero altitude and 2m height.)
MeteorologyIFLВнутреннее ЗатоплениеМетеорологическаяInland inundation formated on big area, irrespectively of of caused damage.
BiologyBHЗаражения Насекомыми-паразитамиБиологическаяLocust and other beetle invasion.
BiologyBHВторжение МедузБиологическаяMassive jellyfish invasion
GeologyLSЗемля / Грязь / ОползеньГеологическаяLand / sand / rock falling which caused significant property and/or personal injury.
Non-categorizedUEVПроишествие вне категорииВне категорииThis category includes events where events are unknown. This category type will be change, if when arrived additional information.
TechnologyNCЯдерное ПроишествиеТехногеннаяRelated to nuclear power plant, processing plant, mine irrespectively of the INES scale classification.
TechnologyPWОтключение ЭлектричестваТехногеннаяEvery event which related to power failure and affects big area and/or lot of people.[Note:the icon is used at extreme weather event if lightning causes damage]
MeteorologySLПовышение Уровня МоряМетеорологическая
MeteorologySTСуровая ПогодаМетеорологическаяEvery extreme meteorological event, which caused property damage and/or personal injuries.
BiologyBHАтака АкулБиологическаяFatal or non-fatal shark attack
MeteorologyAVСнежная ЛавинаМетеорологическаяSnow avalanche, which caused poperty damage and/or personal injury.The number of injured persons is above 5 .
MeteorologySSСнежный ШтормМетеорологическаяHeavy snowstorm or snowstorm with big extent, which cause significant property damage.
MeteorologySEШтормовая ВолнаМетеорологическаяA rise of the sea, preceding a storm (usually a hurricane) due to the winds of the storm and low atmospheric pressure.
TechnologyACТехногенная КатастрофаТехногеннаяEvery technical disaster, which cause significant damages and/or personal injuries. The number of the injured persons are above 10.
CivilizationVWТеррористическая АтакаОбщественнаяTerror attack against the citizenry irrespectively of the caused damage and the number of injured persons.
MeteorologyECСильная Гроза / УраганМетеорологическаяHeavy storm, the speed of the wind is above 77 km/h accordinf to the Benfort scale. [21 m/s]-[47 mph]. The display is irrespectively of damage and the number of injured persons.
MeteorologyTOТорнадо F0-F1МетеорологическаяTornado, which is F0-F1 classification according to the Fujita scale.
MeteorologyTOТорнадо F2-F5МетеорологическаяTornado, which is F2-F5 classification according to the Fujita scale.
MeteorologyTCТропическая ДепрессияМетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the "Tropical Depression" stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
MeteorologyTCТропический штормМетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the "Tropical Storm" stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
MeteorologyTCТропический шторм S1МетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the I stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
MeteorologyTCТропический шторм S2МетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the II stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
MeteorologyTCТропический шторм S3МетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the III stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
MeteorologyTCТропический шторм S4МетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the IV stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
MeteorologyTCТропический шторм S5МетеорологическаяТропический шторм, which hit the V stage according to the Saffir-Simpson scale.
EnvironmentalTSЦунамиЭкологическаяTsunami or big wave formation, irrespectively of the caused damage.
GeologyUGEНеобычное геологическое проишествиеГеологическая
TechnologyVIАвиакатастрофаТехногеннаяAircraft accident. The display is irrespectively of the number of injured persons and damage.
TechnologyVIАвтокатастрофаТехногеннаяVehicle accident underground, aboveground and on road. Every event when at least 5 persons affected in the accident.
TechnologyVIКрушение КорабляТехногеннаяWatercraft or submarine accident. The display is irrespectively of the number of injured persons and damage.
TechnologyVIКрушение ПоездаТехногеннаяVehicel accident which transport on determined line. The display is irrespectively of the number of injured persons and damage.
TechnologyVIAАвиапроишествиеТехногенная
TechnologyVIAДТПТехногеннаяДорожно-транспортное проишествие на земле или под землей.
TechnologyVISКорабельное ПроишествиеТехногеннаяWatercraft or submarine incident.
TechnologyVITЖелезнодорожное ПроишествиеТехногеннаяVehicle incident which transport on determined line.
GeologyVAВулканическая АктивностьГеологическаяEvery volcano activity, which could indicate eruption before stage.
GeologyVEИзвержение ВулканаГеологическаяEvery volcano activity irrespectively of property damage as well as the number of injured persons.
Мудрый учится на чужих ошибках, умный - на своих, а дурак повторяет их из раза в раз.
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